Black Earth

The most fertile soil in the world with favorable physical chemical properties :

  • Good granular structure, high porosity, good infiltration and water storage and nutrient holding capacity.
  • Light heatability, loose and advantageous soil structure (crumb structure)
  • High water conductivity
  • Optimal distribution of the total pore volume (45 vol.-%) with one-third coarse pores (leakage effect), meso pores (plant-available water) and fine pores (nutrient exchange)
  • Very high natural nutrient content (almost no lessivation) and high nutrient holding capacity (CEC)
  • High base saturation (almost no decalcification)
  • Rich in soil organisms and organic matters (Humus >6%) in optimum quality